As an ancient country that during known human history has been one of the most important countries in the world, Iran has lots of interesting aspects to be noticed for those who are interested in archaeology and culture, and one of the most important aspects of Iranian culture is it’s one of a kind architecture. Iranian architecture has always been one of the most prominent and rich architectures in the world. The combination of Iranians talent with their art and their science of geometry has been an architecture that is still beautiful, noble and unique even after hundreds or thousands of years. The constructions that are left from pre-Islamic and post-Islamic architecture are the most important tourist attractions in Iran. One of the numerous arts in Iranian architecture is brickwork which has a very rich and noble history and had great progress in the time of Seljuk dynasty. Seljukian ruled Iran from the 5th to 7th century (AH). The land was in peace and great artists, poets, scientists and mathematicians such as Ibn-e-Sina and Khayyam were living at that time and all these factors together led to the fast progress of Seljuk architecture. Culminated brickwork of this period spread out to other countries such as Egypt and Syria and some of the Mediterranean countries. Solidity and beauty of Iranian brick is the reason for the retention of these buildings. In this period the façade of buildings was made majorly by using bricks and different designs and later some innovative works such as composing brick with tile and chalk were done. Although tiles were used in Seljuk architecture, they were not commonly used until the time of the Safavid Empire. Safavid dynasty ruled Iran from 907 (AH) to 1135 (AH). The ever-increasing importance of architecture and construction of numerous religious and nonreligious buildings in this period led to the use of polychrome tile in façades. By using these tiles architectures were freer to use various shapes rather than simple geometric shapes. They painted various designs on these tiles and used them inside and outside the buildings. Today many buildings are left from those times and they are great samples of traditional tiling art; as an example, I can refer to Sheikh Lotfollah mosque in Isfahan which is a masterpiece of Iranian architecture and tiling. It shows the importance of religion and Islamic architecture in Safavid time.
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